Facts about Nepal

  • Population of 26 million
  • 80% Hindu; 11% Buddhist;
    9% Kirat, Muslim, Christian
  • 2003 annual per capita income
    US $240
Temple in Kathmandu

See the GALLERY section
for more images of Nepal
and it's beautiful landscapes, people and architecture.

About Nepal

Nepal is a small, landlocked South Asian country, nestled between two vastly populated neighbours – India and China.

The country itself is only slightly larger than the state of Arkansas, and boasts a population similar to the entire country of Canada (about 29 million people). It's particularly famous for being a daredevil destination, as it's home to the daunting Mount Everest – a highlight on any adventurer's "to do" list.

Himalyas in NepalNepal, like other developing countries, has its challenges. It has a high infant mortality rate and low literacy rates for both men and women (though more than 65 per cent of Nepali men are literate, versus a little over 30 per cent of Nepali women, and only in urban areas).

The country defines itself as a democratic republic, with universal suffrage (voting rights) for all citizens over 18. The country also operates under a Hindu-influenced legal system combined with aspects of English common law.

Boats in river in NepalThe average life expectancy of a Nepali citizen is about 65 years, with a high number of people succumbing to food and waterborne infectious illnesses. The country is also one of the world's poorest, with almost a quarter of the population living below the poverty line. A staggering number of people – about 46 per cent – are, according to 2008 estimates, unemployed. The main employment sector is the agricultural one, providing a livelihood for about 75 per cent of the working population. For most Nepalese, agriculture is subsistent (meaning it's what feeds the family who lives on the farmland). Many men are forced to look for work outside the country.

Source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/np.html